One aspect that I found really interesting in the Rammsayer article was that, “professional musicians develop a motor representation of music (Bangert & Altenmüller 2003; Haslinger et al. 2005) and may therefore need executive functions and motor patterns to deal with demanding tasks of tempo generalization.”
I think there are a lot of potential research questions in that statement, and I will pare down on these in the coming week. For example, when thinking about the motor representation of music, is that a specific type of expertise outside one purely for rhythm? Can people that develop “expertise” in motor representation of music (such as professional dancers) show the same types of rhythmic expertise as do musicians? On another note, it has been suggested that music therapy itself doesn’t necessarily help people with autism spectrum disorder, but the idea of moving to music in a pattern (such as conducting) does; is that a kind of expertise that can be developed as well?