Music and Medicine (January 2012)

Music and Medicine deals primarily with studies in music therapy, both from an active and passive stance: How is illness x (or symptoms x, y, & z) affected by either passive listening, interactive musical activities, or both? Most studies note a positive post-therapy result that is statistically significant.

One common finding is that listening to certain kinds of music (typically soft and mellow; one study used the sounds of a monochord) is effective in reducing heart rate, blood pressure, and pain.

Most of the other research focuses on the effects of music therapy on psychological issues (e.g., depression, anxiety, anger, stress) and neurodevelopmental disorders (e.g., autism).