EBRAMUS has been investigating an attractive, promising new research avenue at the intersection of neuroscience, the human sciences and new technologies: can music boost sensory, cognitive and motor development in normal and impaired children and adults? The project assesses this issue in an integrative way by combining behavioural, neurophysiological, neuropsychological and computational methods. Three research topics cover both basic and clinical research, using music in the rehabilitation of various patient populations and the elderly. The 1st topic focuses on the rehabilitation of auditory functions and language deficits, the 2nd focuses on the benefits of music for more general cognitive functions (learning, memory) and the 3rd on timing behaviour and the use of music in motor rehabilitation. The overall project aims to increase our understanding of brain functioning and to impact on clinical and educational applications – developing new diagnostic tools, training and rehabilitation techniques, also leading to industrial developments – and new music technology for the general public.