In the first chapter of his 1988 book The Time of Music: New Meanings, New Temporalities, New Listening Strategies, Jonathan Kramer proposes different kinds of time that are created by contemporary music, e.g., gestural, multiply-directed, vertical (static), and moment (mosaic) time. Listen to nos. 4, 6, 7, 8, and 9 from the “Listening List 1” (a copy can be found in the “Handouts” folder, in the “Resources” section of classes*v2) and think about how each piece might challenge some of the assumptions about musical rhythm and temporality inherited from Western musical practice leading to the twentieth century, what Kramer refers to as “linear time” (i.e., where the succession of events is understood as the consequence of past events).
Pick one piece that you find especially interesting and write a commentary about your temporal experience when listening to this piece. How is time organized ? What kind of time is suggested by the music? How does listening to this piece influence your perception of time flow and/or time perspective? Does musical rhythm as embodied in this piece challenge your definition of it? If so, how might it be expanded? And finally, how can Kramer’s ideas inform your listening (and a psychologically relevant definition of musical rhythm)?
As you are listening and thinking about these questions, you might want to revisit the “Quotes about Musical Time” distributed last week, especially nos. 5 to 10. Feel free to include ideas from these quotes in your post. (Please post your initial comment by Sunday, January 27, 5:00 PM.)