Dynamic Attending Theory (DAT)

Wikis > Glossary > Dynamic Attending Theory (DAT)

Also known as the temporal perspective model.

Jone’s temporal perspective model, discussed in London (2012), explains the presence of various levels of attention to temporal periodicities, and attempts to describe how they interact.  In this model (Jones, 1987), various periodicities coexist, but are anchored to and are perceived relative to a “referent” time period.

London extends Jones’ model: for London, in metric terms, the temporal perspective model describes the interaction between various levels of metric entrainment.  The tactus is the “referent” level; the perception and subsequent anticipation of subdivisions (on the low end) and measures/hypermeasures (on the high end) are extrapolated from the tactus.

According to London, these various levels of meter/entrainment are organized into “a kind of hierarchic gestalt,” in which they interact with or even depend on each other (London, 2012: 16); however, they “may be the result of different attentional/entrainment mechanisms, which have distinct neural substrates” (London, 2012: 17).

This model is related to Yeston (1976), for whom “meter arises from the interaction of two periodic strata, one of which must be on the middle ground level.” (London, 2012: 16).

Gideon Broshy